The small agricultural settlement Trnava was first time mentioned in 1211 in the letter of Esztergom´s archbishop. Trnava as the first in Slovakia was gained the privileges of the royal town.
Trnava importance further enhanced in the 16th century, when the Esztergom´s archbishop moved here escaping from Turks. So Trnava becomes religious center of Hungary and with its lots of churches it was nicknamed "Little Rome".
In 1635 Trnava University was founded as the first university in Hungary. In 1777 by order of Maria Theresa university moved to Buda, where it becomes the University of Budapest.
In 1918 after the establishing of Czechoslovakia Trnava becoming one of the main industrial centers in Slovakia - what remains until today.